DATE2022-05-06 21:13:45
TITLEResearch in Environmentally Induced Human Mobility: An Analysis of Methodological and Theoretical Dimensions
AUTHORSCarla Sofia Ferreira Fernandes (1,2) ,João Loureiro (2) ,Fátima Alves (1,2)
  1. 1) Universidade Aberta, Lisbon (Portugal) ,2) Centre For Functional Ecology, Coimbra (Portugal)
ABSTRACTResearch in environmentally induced human mobility has seen an increase in the previous decades. However, the complexity of environmental change and the frequently subsequent human mobility raises challenges in the research process. The variety of theoretical and methodological approaches that can be applied to each of the phenomena contributes to different layers of analysis when focusing on the decision-making process of migrating due to environmental factors. Drawing from the theoretical and methodological frameworks used by the scholars of each area, this paper aims to analyze how they are applied in empirical studies that focus on environmental change and mobility in the Middle East and North Africa. Finally, the paper includes a proposal of a theoretical-methodological framework aimed at supporting researchers in conducting studies on the topic of environmental mobility supported by the need to articulate theories and methodologies between areas of knowledge that traditionally are not articulated. This proposal privileges the use of a qualitative methodology, by applying methods such as in-depth or semi-structured interviews, aimed at obtaining an overview of the individuals’ experience. The data is analyzed by applying Nussbaum’s capabilities approach adapted with environmental and intergenerational considerations, which supports the knowledge creation on how environmentally induced mobility is contributing to human and sustainable development.