DATE2018-05-16 11:05:14
AUTHORSSB Marković (1), I Obreht (2), RJ Schaetzl (3), U Hambach (4), C Zeeden (5), F Lehmkuhl (6), QZ Hao (7), D Veres (8), MB Gavrilov (1)
  1. University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbai
  2. MARUM, Bremen, Germany
  3. Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA
  4. BayCEER & University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
  5. Observatoire de Paris, Paris, France
  6. RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  8. Romanian Academy, Institute of Speleology, Cluj, Romania
ABSTRACTLoess and loess-like deposits cover about 10% of the Earth’s surface. These deposits represent one of the world’s best terrestrial archives of paleoclimate change. Because of their great thickness and rapid accumulation rates, they preserve paleoclimate signals that can be discerned at high resolution, including millennial-scale climate changes. Recently, loess–palaeosol sequences in the Southeastern Europe have been intensively investigated. Through multi-proxy analyses in combination with luminescence dating as a chronological tool, we have demonstrated that these loess–palaeosol sequences provide one of the most complete and most detailed terrestrial records of climatic and environmental changes for Europe, during the Middle and Late Pleistocene. Results presented in these studies emphasize the importance of understanding the mechanisms of Pleistocene climate change, as an important contribution towards a more detailed spatial and temporal reconstruction of environmental dynamics across the European continent.To understand the significance of the presented data, it is important to realize that besides several available lacustrine records from the southern Balkan Peninsula (Tenaghi Philippon, Ioannina, Kopais, Ohrid, Prespa and Dorjan), other high resolution records for the Balkan region are still lacking. Southeastern Europe is a climatically sensitive region, influenced by both Mediterranean and continental climates. Here, we present high-resolution grain-size, environmental magnetic, spectrophotometric and geochemical data from the loess sections in the Middle and Lower Danube Basin, and in the Central Balkans. These sections span the past ~650,000 years. The goal of this study is to determine the relative influence of the Mediterranean climate during this period, for the study area. Data show that Southeastern European was under different atmospheric circulation regimes, especially during Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 9 and 7, while continental climates prevailed in areas further north. We observe a general weakening of the Mediterranean climate influence with time. Our data suggest that MIS 5 was the first interglacial in the Central Balkans with continental climate characteristics, contrary to fossils in a Cambisol (S4: MIS 11), which represents the oldest paleosol formed under predominant climatic conditions in the Middle and Lower Danube Basin.