|TITLE||DEVELOPING A STAKEHOLDER TOOL TO ASSESS IMPACTS AND ADAPTATION OPTIONS FOR MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS&ACIRC;&EURO;™ AGRICULTURE THROUGH CLIMATE AND HYDROLOGICAL MODELING|
|AUTHORS||Christos Giannakopoulos (1), Maria Papadopoulou (2), Anna Karali (1), Giannis Lemesios (1), Konstantinos V. Varotsos (1), Despoina Charchousi (2)|
- For Environmental Research And Sustainable Development, National Observatory Of Athens Athens (Greece)
- School Of Rural And Surveying Engineering National Technical University Of Athens Athens (Greece)
|ABSTRACT||Agriculture is one of the economic sectors likely to be hit hardest by climate change, since it directly depends on climatic factors such as temperature, sunlight, and precipitation. The EU LIFE ADAPT2CLIMA (http://adapt2clima.eu/en/) project aims to facilitate the development of adaptation strategies for agriculture in three Mediterranean islands, namely Crete (Greece), Sicily (Italy), and Cyprus by developing an innovative decision support tool. The tool construction will be closely monitored by the project steering committee comprising of climate and crop scientists, hydrologists, water managers, government policy makers as well as farm association executives who will be interacting to tailor make the final product perfectly suited to their needs. The ADAPT2CLIMA tool will make it possible to simulate the impacts of climate change on crop production and the effectiveness of selected adaptation options in decreasing vulnerability to climate change.
In order to investigate the potential impacts of climate change, high resolution RCMs at 12x12km horizontal resolution from the CORDEX database are used. Future projections are forced by the IPCC RCP 4.5 and 8.5 scenarios. Climate changes directly or indirectly affecting agriculture are studied using both appropriately constructed climatic indices mainly related to precipitation and hydrological models. Furthermore, the climate impacts on agriculture are analyzed in terms of groundwater quality and quantity in the pilot areas. The aquifer response in various climate change scenarios will be investigated in order to propose adaptation actions and measures that will ensure future adequate freshwater volumes for irrigation purposes.|