|ABSTRACT||This paper aims to make a detailed examination on the ways of mitigating the impacts of climate change through compliance mechanisms(CMs) under multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs).
In this respect, in the paper, it is firstly provided an overview on the compliance issue, and compliance mechanisms with illustrations from two case studies: compliance mechanisms under Montreal Protocol and under Kyoto Protocol.
Secondly, the ways for possible improvements of weaknesses of the current compliance mechanisms for better compliance are studied on. Therefore, on the basis of four main dimensions: gathering information, procedures/institutional structure, measures and functioning of the mechanisms in practice, relied on for the comparative analysis between two case studies, firstly, the ways of improving their operation in practice are analyzed. Then, three main components, namely, -gathering information, procedures/institutional structure and responses-, are evaluated with their potential weaknesses undermining the efforts to ensure compliance.
Thirdly, the need for providing stronger coordination between CMs for better compliance is discussed stressing the suggestions submitted for improving the conditions for more coordinated mechanisms.
Finally, based on its findings, it discusses the roles of the CMs in mitigating the impacts of climate change.|